VOCAB HELP:
A Talking Bio Glossary









BIOLOGICAL ETYMOLOGY - How Biology terms are derived.

In Biology, when we encounter a word we do not know - WE BREAK IT UP!

PREFIX

MEANING

EXAMPLE

ROOT

MEANING

EXAMPLE

SUFFIX

MEANING

EXAMPLE

a

without

abiogenesis

Card

heart

cardovascular

ase

An enzyme

helicase

ab

away

abduct

Cephalo

head end

hydrocephalic

ate

cause

translate

Ad

towards

adapt

chrom

color

chromosome

cule

very small

molecule

Amnio

fetal sac

amniocentesis

corp

body

corpusle

ic

like or as

realistic

amphi

both

amphibian

derm

skin

dermatitis

ile

capable of

mobile

an

not

anemia

Fect

to make

infect

ist

one who

biologist

anti

opposite

anticodon

Fer

bring

inference

itis

swelling

hepatitis

Aud

hearing

auditory

Flect

bend

reflex

ity

state of

morbidity

auto

self

autophagy

Gastro

stomach

epigastric

ive

causing

digestive

bi

two

bipedal

Glyco

glucose

glycolysis

oid

resembling

hominoid

Bio

life

abiogenesis

Gnosi

known

prognosis

ology

study of

biology

cata

down

catabolic

hydro

water

dehydrated

osis

condition of

endocytosis

circum

around

circumesophageal

Karyo

nucleus

karyotype

ous

having

spacious

co

together

covalent

Kine

movement

cytokinesis

stasis

unchanging

homeostasis

Cyto

the cell

cytoplasm

loco

place

dislocate

Di

two

carbon dioxide

lum

light

bioluminecent

Dis

take away

disprove

Macro

large

macroinvertebrate

Eco

Earth

Ecosystem

myco

fungus

mycelium

Ecto

outside

ectoparasite

neuro

nerves

neurotransmitter

Endo

inside

endocytosis

osteo

bone

osteoporosis

epi

beside

epidermis

philia

love

hydrophillic

Eu

real or true

eukaryotic

phob

fear

hydrophobic

Ex

out or from

exhale

phyco

algae

phycology

Homeo

same

homeostasis

Plasm

forming stuff

cytoplasm

Hyper

above

hypertonic

pod

foot

pseudopod

Hypo

under

hypotonic

Rect

straight

Homo Erectus

Inter

between

intercellular

sat

enough

saturated

intra

within

intracellular

scrib

to write

transcription

Iso

equal

isotonic

Som

body

ribosomes

Lyso

to split

lysosome

sym

with

symbiosis

Macro

large

macromolecule

Therm

heat

endotherm

Meso

middle

mesoderm

Troph

feeding

autotroph

Micro

very small

microscope

vac

empty

vacuole

mono

one

monomer

Vaso

vein

vascular

Non

incapable

nondisjunction

viv

alive

viviparous

ovo

egg

ovulate

peri

around

pericardium

Phag

to eat

phagocytosis

photo

light

photosynthesis

Pino

to drink

pinocytosis

poly

many

polysaccharide

prim

first

primary cell

Pro

before

prokaryotic

pseudo

untrue

pseudopod

Rhiz

root

rhizoid

Semi

partial

semipermiable

sub

under

subdermal

super

over

superior vena cava

Trans

across

transport

Tri

three

trisomy


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